Incentives for Plug-in Hybrids and Electric Cars
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We're doing our best to track the growing list of federal and state-based incentives for purchasing an electric car or plug-in hybrid. See how much you can save to get behind the wheel of an electric-drive plug-in vehicle. Help us keep the list up-to-date by letting us know if you have info about new or changing incentives.
New Plug-in Car Purchases
Buyers of plug-in hybrids and electric cars benefit from a tax credit of $2,500 to $7,500, depending on the size of the battery in the car. On the low end of the spectrum, cars with 4 kWh battery packs will qualify for a $2,500 tax credit. The credit maxes out at $7,500 for cars with a 16 kWh battery pack, like the Chevy Volt. The credits were provided as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, otherwise known as the “stimulus bill.” The incentive begins phasing out after an automaker sells 200,000 vehicles that are eligible for the credit.
Better Electricity Rates
Many electric utilities around the country offer special rates, including time-of-use (TOU) rates, to reduce the cost of powering an electric car or plug-in hybrid. The reduced EV rate can significantly reduce the cost of charging your car. Check with your local utility company for exact rates and other details.
Discounts on Insurance
Several major insurance companies, such as Farmers, offer discounts of 5 percent or more for owners of electric and hybrid cars. Inquire with your insurance agent for details. We will continue to investigate which companies offer the best rates for EV owners and will post to this page.
Some states offer EV buyers and businesses a credit for the purchase and costs of charging equipment. Previous federal perks, available through 2013, are no longer available.
Drivers converting a car into a plug-in hybrid, or a gas-powered car into an electric vehicle, had received a tax credit equal to 10 percent of the conversion cost. But that federal incentive ended on December 31, 2011. Individual states, such as Colorado and Florida, provide additional incentives, such as rebates and state tax credits.
Reduced license fees are available for electric cars and some plug-in hybrids. A tax credit of up to $75 is available to individuals for the installation of EV charging outlets in a house constructed by a taxpayer. Carpool lane access is available for pure electric cars.
The Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (CVRP) offers rebates for the purchase or lease of qualified vehicles. The rebates offer up to $2,500 for light-duty zero emission and plug-in hybrid vehicles that the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has approved or certified. The rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis to individuals, business owners, and government entities in California that purchase or lease new eligible vehicles. In periods when funding exceeds current budgets, waiting lists can form. For more information, including a list of eligible vehicles and other requirements, see the CVRP website.
In April 2011, Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa announced a pilot program to provide charging station rebates of up to $2,000. The value of the rebate will depend on the type of charger and equipment installed and is apparently limited to the first 1,000 applicants. To qualify for the rebate, customers must participate in the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power's (LADWP) Residential Time-of-Use Rate, which provides a significant discount for charging your electric vehicle during "off-peak" hours. Residents of L.A. who wish to install a Level 2 charger at their home should, beginning May 1, 2011, visit the LADWP site to apply for available rebates.
Sacramento offers free parking to individuals or small businesses certified by the city's Office of Small Business Development that own or lease EVs with an EV parking pass in designated downtown parking garages and surface lots. Free EV charging is also provided in several parking garages.
In August 2010, the San Francisco Bay Area Air Quality Management District Board of Directors approved $5 million to support electric vehicle charging. The District will not decide the exact amount of the consumer incentive for home chargers until the end of the year, but it will bring the cost down to a couple hundred dollars at the most. The federal government already offers a tax credit equal to 50 percent of the cost to install a home-based charging station—with a maximum credit of $2,000 for each station. Between federal and Bay Area incentives, the cost could be reduced to zero.
An unlimited number of white HOV access stickers will be issued beginning on January 1, 2011 and expire in 2015. That means all plug-in electrics, compressed natural gas vehicles and fuel cell vehicles will be getting the privileges once given to hybrids, and hybrid solo drivers will be forced into the crowded lanes.
Many utilities offer discounted rates for residential vehicle charging during off-peak hours.
The "Remove II Program" is administered by the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District (APCD) and provides incentives for the purchase of low emission passenger vehicles, light duty trucks, small buses, and trucks with Gross Vehicle Weight Ratings of 14,000 pounds or less. The program offers between $1,000 and $3,000 per vehicle and varies according to the emission certification level and size of the vehicle. Vehicles must be powered by alternative fuel, electric, or hybrid electric motors. The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District is made up of eight counties in California’s Central Valley: San Joaquin, Stanislaus, Merced, Madera, Fresno, Kings, Tulare and the San Joaquin Valley Air Basin portion of Kern. Rebate vouchers are available for the purchase of electric vehicles in qualifying counties up to $3,000.
In June 2009, Sony Pictures Entertainment established an employee incentive of up to $5,000 when they buy either a hybrid electric vehicle or install solar voltaic panels on their residence.
- Related Law: CA AB-1092 - enacted summer 2014: California bill, now law, which requires new construction projects with four or more off-street parking spaces to include at least one EV charging station per every four off-street parking spaces. Details: http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billNavClient.xhtml.
- Under Consideration: CA SB-1275 - a bill currently being considered by the California legislature, with a good chance of being passed in 2014. SB-1275 works to re-focus the State’s existing incentive programs towards benefiting low to moderate income buyers. The law would compensate low income owners up to $1,500 for retiring high polluting vehicles and would provide a $2,500 subsidy towards a replacement vehicle, as well as making low to moderate income buyers eligible for special zero emission vehicle financing. The law would also adjust the current Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (which provides rebates to electric vehicle purchasers), by adding income eligibility criteria and the option for the State to reduce the rebate as EV sales levels rise. Details: http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billNavClient.xhtml;jsessionid=f5aa643a7d68ba05c1e43a632ae8.
Colorado offers some of the nation’s most generous tax credits for electric cars and plug-in hybrids. The credits are capped at $6,000, and available to the first owner that registers the vehicle in Colorado. (Used vehicles are only eligible if they have never been registered in Colorado)
For details, see the program rules from the Colorado Department of Revenue (PDF).
Grants are also available to local governments for the installation of EV charging stations. Grants are prioritized based on the local government's commitment to energy efficiency. For assistance with grants contact Colorado-based plug-in car readiness website.
- Related Law:CO SB-126 - enacted summer 2014: Colorado bill, now law, which prohibits a landlord or condominium owner association from limiting a tenant or unit owner from installing EV charging equipment for their own use at the residence. Details: http://legiscan.com/CO/text/SB126/2013.
Retail electricity customers with one or more grid-integrated electric vehicle (EV) will be credited in kilowatt-hours for energy discharged to the grid from the EV's battery at the same rate that the customer pays to charge the battery. A grid-integrated EV is defined as a battery-powered motor vehicle that has the ability for two-way power flow between the vehicle and the electric grid as well as communications hardware and software that allow for external control of battery charging and discharging. (Reference Senate Bill 153, 2009)
District of Columbia
All vehicles that get least 40 miles per gallon are exempt from the excise tax imposed on an original certificate of title.
Electric cars are exempt from most insurance surcharges. Electric cars are granted access to carpool lanes.
Income tax credits for up to 20 percent of the cost of an electric car—maximum of $5,000—or 10 percent (with a max of $2,500) for a car conversion to use an “alternative fuel” including electricity.
An income tax credit is available to any eligible business enterprise for the purchase or lease of each EV charger that is located in the state. The amount of the credit is 10% of the cost of the charger or $2,500, whichever is less. (Reference Georgia Code 48-7-40.16)
Contact: James Udi, Environmental Specialist, Georgia Environmental Protection Division, email@example.com.
Qualified plug-in electric vehicles affixed with special state-issued license plates may use HOV lanes regardless of the number of passengers and are exempt from parking fees charged by any non-federal governmental authority. The exemptions are effective through June 30, 2020. Previous rebates have expired.
The Illinois Alternate Fuels Rebate Program provides a rebate for 80 percent of the incremental cost of purchasing an alternative fuel vehicle, such as an electric car, up to $4,000. The program also offers 80 percent of the cost of conversions, up to $4,000. For details, contact Darwin Burkhart, Manager, Clean Air Programs, Illinois Environmental Protection Agency and Chicago Area Clean Cities Coalition. firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.illinoisgreenfleets.org
The state offers an income tax credit worth 50 percent of the cost premium of an electric car, plug-in hybrid, or converting a vehicle. A taxpayer may instead take a tax credit worth 10% of the cost of the motor vehicle or up to $3,000, whichever is less. Similar credits are available for charging equipment installation. (Reference House Bill 110, 2009, and Louisiana Revised Statutes 47:6035)
State-based credits are offered, while funding is available, based on the vehicle’s battery capacity—based on $125 times each kilowatt-hour, not to exceed $3,000.
You may also be eligible for a one-time excise tax credit, up to $1,000, when you purchase a qualifying plug-in electric vehicle. Effective July 1, 2014 through June 30, 2017, an individual may be entitled to receive an excise tax credit on a qualifying plug-in electric vehicle regardless of whether they own lease the vehicle. Business entities may also qualify for the tax credit on up to ten vehicles. Credits requests received are processed subject to the availability of funds.
The criteria and process for applying is available through the Maryland Department of Transportation.
In May 2010, the state passed law enabling any plug-in electric vehicle to use High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes regardless of the number of passengers in the vehicle.
The Massachusetts Offers Rebates for Electric Vehicles (MOR-EV) program provides incentives to Massachusetts drivers who purchase or lease for 36 months a new qualified electric vehicle. For a complete list of eligible vehicles and information about the MOR-EV program, learn more at www.mor-ev.org. Rebates of up to $2,500 are available to Massachusetts residents who purchase or lease a qualified vehicle. Only vehicles listed on the MOR-EV program website are eligible for a rebate. The types of vehicles include battery electric cars, fuel cell electric cars, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and zero-emission motorcycles. Visit the MOR-EV program website for a complete list of eligible vehicles and to begin the application process.
A tax credit of $500 is available for an electric car conversion.
Zero-emissions vehicles sold, rented, or leased in New Jersey are exempt from state sales and use tax. This exemption is not applicable to partial zero emission vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles. ZEVs are defined as vehicles certified as such by the California Air Resources Board. For more information, visit the New Jersey Department of the Treasury website.
Electric cars qualify for access to carpool lane. In addition, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority offers a 10 percent discount on off-peak New Jersey Turnpike and Garden State Parkway toll rates through NJ EZ-Pass for drivers of vehicles that have a fuel economy of 45 miles per gallon or higher and meet the California Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle standard.
For tax years beginning before January 1, 2015, Oklahoma provides a one-time income tax credit for 50 percent of the cost of converting a vehicle to operate on an alternative fuel such as electricity, or for 50 percent of the incremental cost of purchasing a new electric-drive vehicle. The state also provides a tax credit for 10 percent of the total vehicle cost, up to $1,500, if the incremental cost of the vehicle cannot be determined. For qualified electric vehicles propelled by electricity only, the credit is based on the full purchase price of the vehicle. For vehicles equipped with an internal combustion engine, such as a hybrid electric vehicle, the credit is based on the portion of the motor vehicle, which is attributable to the propulsion of the vehicle, by electricity. For more information, see Oklahoma Income Tax Form 511CR (PDF 219 KB). (Reference House Bill 1949, 2009, and Oklahoma Statutes 68-2357.22)
The Oregon Department of Energy is no longer offering a $1,500 tax credit for the purchase of an electric vehicle. A tax credit, capped at $750, to cover 25% of the cost of purchasing and installing an EV charger, is still available.
For details, contact: Deby Davis, Program Analyst, Oregon Department of Energy, email@example.com
The program provides rebates to consumers for the purchase of new electric cars and plug-in hybrids. Leased vehicles are not eligible to receive a rebate. Only purchased vehicles are eligible to receive a rebate. A new vehicle is defined by having an odometer reading of less than 500 miles at the time of purchase to be eligible for a rebate.
A $2,000 rebate is available for EVs and PHEVs with battery capacity equal/greater than 10 kWh. The rebate drops to $1,000 for batteries less than 10 kWh.
The rebates are only available to the first 500 qualified applicants. Consumers may submit applications for up to 6 months after the date of purchase. Consumers should be aware that funds may be depleted before their rebate application can be processed. On June 30, 2014, the rebate amounts offered will be reassessed and likely reduced if funds remain. As of April 30, 2014, about 400 rebates remained.
Guidelines and forms are available from the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection.
A state income tax credit equal to 20 percent of the federal fuel cell, advanced lean burn, hybrid electric vehicle, and alternative fuel vehicle credits is available to South Carolina resident taxpayers who are eligible for, and claim, the federal credits. This credit applies to electric cars and plug-in hybrids.
The $2,500 incentive offered to plug-in vehicle buyers in Tennessee is no longer available. The incentives were originally open to the first 1,000 buyers of the Nissan LEAF and Chevy Volt in 2010. It was a joint program by the Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development and The EV Project. The national EV Project stopped taking enrollment on Jan. 31, 2013. (By that point, 772 rebates had been issued in Tennessee, totaling $1.8 million—about $700,000 short of its original goal, according to the Associated Press.)
The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality revised the Light-Duty Motor Vehicle Purchase or Lease Incentive Program to be a statewide program to provide financial incentives up to $2,500 for the purchase or lease of eligible new plug-in electric vehicles. The city of San Antonio offers free metered parking for EVs. The city of Austin offers rebates up to $1,500 for the purchase of EV charging equipment.
The state provides an income tax credit up to $750 for a plug-in vehicle and up to $2,500 for a conversion. For details, contact Mat Carlile, Energy Program Coordinator, Utah Department of Environmental Quality, Division of Air Quality, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Electric vehicles are exempt from the 6.5 percent sales tax and plug-in hybrids are exempt from the 0.3% motor vehicle sales tax. Tax exemptions also apply to charging station equipment and service. These tax exemptions expire on January 1, 2011.
B.C. residents will get up to $5,000 off the sticker price of a qualifying clean energy vehicle starting Dec. 1, 2011. The rebate includes qualifying new vehicles that are battery electric, fuel-cell electric, plug-in hybrid electric and those that operate on compressed natural gas. There are about 30 such vehicles for fleets in B.C., and 10 to 20 for residential use. As part of the $17-million program, the province is also providing funding for new charging stations and upgrades to hydrogen fueling stations at existing facilities. Homeowners who want to install a charging station will get a $500 mail-in rebate for eligible units.
Ontario rebates ranging from $5,000 to $8,500 to individuals, businesses and organizations that purchase or lease a new plug-in vehicle. The rebates will only be offered to the first 10,000 qualified applicants.
The Hudson Bay Company is offering free valet service for electric cars.
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